Nasa spacecraft sets record for closest approach to sun

Зонд Parker приближается к Солнцу

Parker will make 24 close approaches to the Sun over the next seven years.

On 29 October 2018, at 1:04 pm EDT (17:04 UTC), it crossed the previous, decades-old record of 42.73 million kilometres (26.55 million miles) from the Sun's surface.

"The current record for heliocentric speed is 153,454 miles (246,960 kilometers) per hour, set by Helios 2 in April 1976".

In addition, in the coming days, the probe should set another record, becoming the fastest ship in the history of space exploration. In the USA the Department also expects that the spacecraft will break the record concerning the speed with which it approaches the Sun. After that, the probe will burn up in the sunlight.

The Parker Solar Probe on Monday reached closer to the Sun than any other man-made object ever has, said the United States' National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

That record was likewise set by the Helios 2 back in 1976, and it now stands at 153,454MPH. The sun's gravity will eventually see the probe reach speeds of about 430,000mph. This speed represents the enormous amount of energy required to resist the Sun's gravitational pull and stay in a stable orbit (this is why we're not on fire right now).

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"It's a bit like if you walked away from a campfire and suddenly got much hotter", Fox said.

Parker blasted off on its odyssey atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket in the early hours of August 12, 2018.

The probe's mission will take it through the sun's corona for the first time next week.

Under the plan, Parker several times circled the Sun in elliptical orbit, with each new attempt to reduce the distance to the star.

To face the heat of almost 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit, the spacecraft is well protected by a special 4.5-inch thick carbon-composite shield.

The craft will seek to unlock some of mysteries about our Sun's behavior by sampling the corona, the birthplace of solar flares and other violent events, and get a better understanding of how solar winds are formed.

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