Multivitamins, supplements do not prevent heart attacks, strokes

Multivitamins do not protect against heart attacks a study found

This time, the finding stems from an analysis of 18 studies conducted between 1970 and 2016.

This means that the market, especially online, is flooded with "fake" medications and supplements.

In the United States, supplements are not regulated for safety or effectiveness before they go to market, according to the Food and Drug Administration.

Overall, the research involved more than two million participants with an average of 12 years of follow-ups with the individuals.

"It has been exceptionally hard to convince people, including nutritional researchers, to acknowledge that multivitamin and mineral supplements don't prevent cardiovascular diseases", says Joonseok Kim, from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and lead author on the study.

"Americans who are taking these supplements presumably because they're concerned about their health would be better served spending their money on good nutrition in the form of a healthy diet", Dr. Erin Michos, a cardiologist at John Hopkins University, said.

But the Council on Responsible Nutrition, a supplement trade group, says multivitamins fill nutrient gaps in our less-than-perfect diets and are not meant to serve as magic bullets. "They are not meant to serve as magic bullets for the prevention of serious diseases". In analyzing whether multivitamins helped prevent heart attacks, strokes, heart disease-related deaths and other cardiovascular events, the researchers found a clear theme: They didnt.

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The lack of any apparent heart health benefit was seen across the board, regardless of age or gender.

It is "logical" to expect certain vitamins to reduce cardiovascular events, given their anti-inflammatory effects, Alyson Haslam, PhD, and Vinay Prasad, MD, MPH, both of Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, noted in an accompanying editorial.

Dr. Paul Offit of Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, who criticizes the supplement industry in his book "Do You Believe in Magic?: The Sense and Nonsense of Alternative Medicine", notes that some supplements are harmful.

"I hope our paper helps to settle the controversy on MVM supplements and cardiovascular health", said Kim.

By way of example, he pointed out that while 50 percent of the American public consumes dietary supplements, just 13 percent meet federal recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption. "These include a heart-healthy diet, exercise, tobacco cessation, controlling blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels, and when needed, medical treatment", Kim said.

"There are also widely available and cheap once daily cardiovascular protective medications such as statins that, in eligible individuals, can safely and effectively lower risk", he said.

And in the United Kingdom in 2013, the NHS said news of multivitamin pills providing no benefits for the human heart conditions was true, thanks to long term studies.

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