Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases Reach a New High in California, Reports CDPH

Reported STD Cases Reach New High in California, Health Officials Find

The internet has indeed helped many people find their partners online, but it has also played a significant role in increasing the number of sexually transmitted disease (STD) cases among couples in California in the year 2017, said the health officials on Monday.

Therefore, in order to educate people and spread awareness about the alarming risks of STD, the health officials are now working with schools, community groups as well as youth organisations across California.

Chlamydia can infect men and women and is transmitted by having vaginal, oral, or anal sex.

CDPH Director and State Public Health Officer Karen Smith said that STDs can be prevented by consistent use of condoms. According to the CDC, most people with chlamydia don't have symptoms, or those symptoms may not appear for several weeks. She also cited the importance of regular testing and treatment for people who are sexually active, even for those who do not have symptoms.

Infection rates of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis have been on the rise over the last five years.

This only counts reported cases, meaning those who were officially diagnosed with an STD.

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"So in San Francisco, we recommend young women 25 and under get screened for chlamydia and gonorrhea every year with their provider".

"Chlamydia and gonorrhea are the most commonly reported sexually transmitted bacterial infections in California." the report reads. Discharge, bleeding between periods, swollen testicles are some of the symptoms of gonorrhea. This number is up from past year when Kern County had 6,344 reported cases. Rates of chlamydia are highest among young women, and males account for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases. If left untreated, gonorrhea can increase chances of getting or transmitting HIV.

Syphilis is categorized as primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary- and each stage has different signs and symptoms.

Kern County has the second highest number of babies born with congenital syphilis, according to the data. The syphilis rate for African-Americans were two times higher.

If chlamydia and gonorrhea aren't treated it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.

Officials revealed that there were 30 stillbirths linked to congenital syphilis in 2017, the highest reported since 1995.

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