Delhi to overtake Tokyo as world's most populated city in 10 years

68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, says UN

By 2050, it is projected that India will have added 416 million urban dwellers, China 255 million and Nigeria 189 million. Asia, despite its relatively lower level of urbanization, is home to 54% of the world's urban population, followed by Europe and Africa with 13% each. Sydney, Australia's most populous urban center, has announced plans to split into three smaller cities by 2040 to improve housing, quality of life and governance.

The report, released on Wednesday and entitled "The 2018 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects", points out that the world will continue to urbanise in the future, with around 2.5 billion people added to built up areas by the middle of the century.

Some cities have experienced population decline in recent years.

But he said that rapid urbanisation has been occurring in developing countries which do not have the resources to deal with populations moving to cities resulting in slums and unplanned growth.

Economic contraction and natural disasters have also contributed to population losses in some cities. In addition to low fertility, emigration has contributed to the lower population size in some of these cities.

The population of Moscow, which became a city of 10 million in 2000 and surpassed the 12-million mark three years ago, will be growing at a slower pace in the near future, according to United Nations experts.

That is due to change, with India, China, and Nigeria accounting for 35% of the projected growth in urban populations between 2018 and 2050. The global rural population is now close to 3.4 billion and is expected to rise slightly and then decline to 3.1 billion by 2050.

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India's current rural population of 893 million is the largest in the world and is 59.1 per cent of India's total population of 1.35 billion.

In 32 years, India will be among the countries with highest growth in world's urban population, according to the United Nations. "Tokyo remains the world's largest city in the world with over 37 million inhabitants".

Cairo, Mumbai, Beijing and Dhaka are all closing in on the 20-million inhabitant mark.

The study predicts New Delhi, India, now second on the most-populated list with 29 million people, will be the world's largest city by 2028.

The general migration from rural to urban areas, combined with overall population growth, will lead to the planet having 43 megacities by 2030, each home to more than 10 million people. They share this trend with cities in Poland, Russia and Ukraine.

Megacities are those with more than 10 million inhabitants and the reports says majority would be in developing countries. DESA stresses that sustainable urbanisation is essential to successful development.

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